How effective is propane?
Propane is one of the most efficient energy sources. For example, some propane equipment such as central heating systems have an efficiency rate of 97 per cent.
What is propane used for?
Propane is one of the most versatile natural fuels. Propane makes it possible for people to enjoy the pleasures of life: a chocolate cake cooked to perfection, a hot shower, an evening by the fireplace or a warm, pleasant workshop. Propane allows you to refrigerate your food, dry your clothes, grill your steaks on the barbecue, heat your patio and light your garden. Propane offers unlimited versatility.
Users must make sure that the appliances they use are approved, by checking that they carry the seal of the one of the following organizations:
- The Canadian Gas Association (CGA)
- The Canadian Standards Association (CSA)
The appliance must always be used for its intended purpose. For example, a cooking device should never be used to heat a tent, a tent trailer, a house trailer or a recreational vehicle.
Propane and safety
Propane is a safe and practical fuel when handled with the care and attention it deserves. Propane is a non-toxic, colourless and odourless gas. A strong, distinct odour similar to rotten eggs or boiled cabbage is added to it in order to help you detect a leak.
Why is the colour of the flame blue?
The flame produced by propane must be pure blue. A flame that’s bright or a constant yellow is probably caused by a dirty or poorly adjusted burner.
What to do if you smell gas
- Close off the gas supply (valve located on the top of the tank).
- Air out the premises (open windows and doors).
- Evacuate the place where the odour is present.
- Call a propane supplier or a person certified competent in the field.
FOR BBQ BOTTLES (20 POUNDS): never use defective bottles or those more than 10 years old. To make sure that the bottle or attachment is not leaking, apply a soapy solution to the places likely to leak propane – the connections in particular. If bubbles form, there is gas leakage. This must be corrected prior to usage.
What causes the smell of skunk or rotten eggs when my propane tank is leaking or almost empty?
The element that causes this smell is an additive called methyl mercaptan (or methanethiol), CH3SH. It is added to the propane in order to detect a leak or when the tank is almost empty. Its presence is necessary because propane itself is odourless. N.B.: Methyl mercaptan is a colourless, flammable, liquefied gas that has a very strong smell. It is usually delivered in stainless steel containers.
Propane and the environment
Propane heats quickly. It is also economical and clean, and its effective combustion helps to reduce carbon residues to a minimum. The emissions produced by the combustion of a clean fuel such as propane easily meet the Environment Canada standards for clean air and are less harmful to the environment than other energy sources.
Propane and other energy sources
Propane costs up to 10 percent less than electricity. In addition, propane could also be called an unlimited energy source…which is reassuring in view of the increasingly frequent incidence of power drop-off or failure in Quebec, particularly in those cold winter months!
Propane is a non-polluting replacement energy source and is more efficient than oil. Propane heats more efficiently, produces fewer polluting emissions and its storage does not pose an environmental risk.
With the arrival of stricter regulations, you couldn’t choose a more perfect time to make the switch and install a propane heating system. It doesn’t give off any unpleasant odours, doesn’t produce smoke, and is cleaner.
Thanks to propane, you are free from chores such as bringing in the wood, cleaning the chimney or emptying the ashes. You can just enjoy the heat from your fireplace in the comfort of your home.
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How should I transport 20-pound propane tanks in my vehicle?
At all times, including, of course, during their transportation, the propane tanks must be maintained upright so that the propane gas is in constant contact with the security valve, to minimize the risks in the event of a leak.
It is against the law to transport or store propane tanks in a private vehicle unless the space to be used to transport the tanks is well ventilated. You must leave a window or the trunk half-open, depending on where the tank is placed. You must make sure the tank is held upright by using either a support or a belt. It is recommended that you close the valve of the tank of a recreational vehicle when moving, even if the tank is located outside the vehicle.
There is also a Quebec law on the transportation of dangerous goods which establishes some additional rules. For example, it is against the law for a vehicle carrying more than two propane tanks to travel in tunnels where the traffic sign illustrated above so indicates. And only tanks with a water capacity of 46 litres or less (40 pounds or less) may travel through them. It is also necessary, when loading a recreational vehicle which carries propane onto a ferry, to advise the ferry captain or his/her representative.
Filling 20 pound propane tanks (BBQ)
Filling the tanks must be carried out by a person holding a certificate of competence in this field. When the bottles are being filled, you can check if the employee holds a certificate.
A propane bottle should not be filled to more than 80 per cent of its capacity because liquid propane increases considerably in volume with rises in temperature. It is prohibited and dangerous to transfer propane from one bottle to another. In addition, the bottles should not be kept inside a house, or a building such as a garden shed or a garage. For any other questions you may have about propane, please communicate toll-free with our team of qualified experts.